TOC

Python 源码学习 08: <code>dict</code>

类型定义

INIT_TYPE(&PyDict_Type, "dict");
SETBUILTIN("dict", &PyDict_Type);

PyTypeObject PyDict_Type 的定义在 Objects/dictobject.c 中。

Include/cpython/dictobject.h

typedef struct {
    PyObject_HEAD

    /* Number of items in the dictionary */
    Py_ssize_t ma_used;

    /* Dictionary version: globally unique, value change each time
       the dictionary is modified */
    uint64_t ma_version_tag;

    PyDictKeysObject *ma_keys;

    /* If ma_values is NULL, the table is "combined": keys and values
       are stored in ma_keys.

       If ma_values is not NULL, the table is splitted:
       keys are stored in ma_keys and values are stored in ma_values */
    PyObject **ma_values;
} PyDictObject;

成员方法

setdefault

#define DICT_SETDEFAULT_METHODDEF    \
    {"setdefault", (PyCFunction)(void(*)(void))dict_setdefault, METH_FASTCALL, dict_setdefault__doc__},

static PyObject *
dict_setdefault(PyDictObject *self, PyObject *const *args, Py_ssize_t nargs)
{
    PyObject *return_value = NULL;
    PyObject *key;
    PyObject *default_value = Py_None;

    if (!_PyArg_CheckPositional("setdefault", nargs, 1, 2)) {
        goto exit;
    }
    key = args[0];
    if (nargs < 2) {
        goto skip_optional;
    }
    default_value = args[1];
skip_optional:
    return_value = dict_setdefault_impl(self, key, default_value);

exit:
    return return_value;
}

static PyObject *
dict_setdefault_impl(PyDictObject *self, PyObject *key,
                     PyObject *default_value)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=f8c1101ebf69e220 input=0f063756e815fd9d]*/
{
    PyObject *val;

    val = PyDict_SetDefault((PyObject *)self, key, default_value);
    Py_XINCREF(val);
    return val;
}